Blogger provides the BlogSpot --> custom domain redirect to reduce readership loss from the move to the custom domain. If you move backwards, you won't have a redirect from the custom domain to BlogSpot. If the search engines start to index your blog using the new URL, and you publish your blog back to BlogSpot, the indexed URL will be broken. Upon clicking on a search engine hit entry, your potential readers will see, instead of your blog,
Server Not FoundThis won't encourage new readers.
If you truly need to move back to BlogSpot, if your DNS host will permit, and if changes in Blogger don't prevent this from working, you may be able to use a "301 Redirect" from the custom domain URL to the BlogSpot URL. This will, of course, work only as long as you continue to pay for DNS hosting of the domain. If you decided to move back to BlogSpot for financial reasons (save $10 USD / year??), you won't be able to do this.
When you move to custom domain publishing, there is some risk - and you will have some lean hit rates, at least temporarily. But the lean hit rates, when moving forward, are nothing - compared to what you'll get when you move backwards.
My advice? Move forward, not backwards. And plan the change, before you buy the new domain, not after you do so.